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When the method makes a difference : antagonistic effects on 'automatic evaluations' as a function of task characteristics of the measure


Deutsch, Roland; Gawronski, Bertram


Bitte beziehen Sie sich beim Zitieren dieses Dokumentes immer auf folgenden Persistent Identifier (PID):http://nbn-resolving.de/urn:nbn:de:0168-ssoar-277635

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Abstract "Researchers often employ implicit measures as dependent variables to investigate processes of attitude formation and change. In such studies, experimentally induced differences are typically interpreted as reflecting change in automatic evaluations. We argue that experimentally induced effects on implicit measures may not always reflect genuine changes in evaluative responses, but can be driven by the mechanisms underlying the measurement procedure. In line with this assumption, the present research shows that these mechanisms can produce opposite effects of the same experimental manipulation for otherwise equivalent implicit measures. These results indicate that merely observing experimental effects on implicit measures does not allow direct inferences regarding changes in automatic evaluations. Instead, psychological interpretations of such effects hinge upon the mechanics of how a given measurement procedure responds to variations in the context. Implications for research using implicit measures are discussed." [author's abstract]
Klassifikation Erhebungstechniken und Analysetechniken der Sozialwissenschaften
Freie Schlagwörter Affect misattribution; Affective priming; Automatic evaluation; Implicit measures; Response interference
Sprache Dokument Englisch
Publikationsjahr 2008
Seitenangabe S. 101-114
Zeitschriftentitel Journal of Experimental Social Psychology, 45 (2008) 1
DOI http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.jesp.2008.09.001
Status Postprint; begutachtet (peer reviewed)
Lizenz PEER Licence Agreement (applicable only to documents from PEER project)