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A message in a bottle : extrapharmacological effects of alcohol on aggression


Bègue, Laurent; Subra, Baptiste; Arvers, Philippe; Muller, Dominique; Bricout, Véronique; Zorman, Michel


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Abstract "The physiological and expectancy effects of alcohol consumption on the aggressive behavior of 116 general-population males aged 18–45 years were analyzed separately in a naturalistic field experiment using a 3 × 3 Balanced Placebo Design (BPD). Participants were given a non-alcoholic drink, a drink targeting a Blood Alcohol Concentration (BAC) of .05%, or a drink targeting a BAC of .1%. Within these three groups, three expectancy levels were induced regarding the quantity of alcohol ingested. Aggressive behavior was measured as retaliation against an aggressive confederate, in the form of amounts of hot sauce and salt administered in a taste test. Expectancies significantly increased aggressive behavior, whereas actual quantity of alcohol ingested was unrelated to aggression. Aggressive dispositions also predicted aggressive behavior." [author's abstract]
Thesaurusschlagwörter aggression
Klassifikation Allgemeine Psychologie; soziale Probleme
Freie Schlagwörter Alcohol; Expectancies; Placebo; Field experiment
Sprache Dokument Englisch
Publikationsjahr 2008
Seitenangabe S. 137-142
Zeitschriftentitel Journal of Experimental Social Psychology, 45 (2008) 1
DOI http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.jesp.2008.07.018
Status Postprint; begutachtet (peer reviewed)
Lizenz PEER Licence Agreement (applicable only to documents from PEER project)