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A message in a bottle : extrapharmacological effects of alcohol on aggression

[journal article]

Bègue, Laurent; Subra, Baptiste; Arvers, Philippe; Muller, Dominique; Bricout, Véronique; Zorman, Michel

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Please use the following Persistent Identifier (PID) to cite this document:http://nbn-resolving.de/urn:nbn:de:0168-ssoar-277585

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Abstract "The physiological and expectancy effects of alcohol consumption on the aggressive behavior of 116 general-population males aged 18–45 years were analyzed separately in a naturalistic field experiment using a 3 × 3 Balanced Placebo Design (BPD). Participants were given a non-alcoholic drink, a drink targeting a Blood Alcohol Concentration (BAC) of .05%, or a drink targeting a BAC of .1%. Within these three groups, three expectancy levels were induced regarding the quantity of alcohol ingested. Aggressive behavior was measured as retaliation against an aggressive confederate, in the form of amounts of hot sauce and salt administered in a taste test. Expectancies significantly increased aggressive behavior, whereas actual quantity of alcohol ingested was unrelated to aggression. Aggressive dispositions also predicted aggressive behavior." [author's abstract]
Keywords aggression
Classification General Psychology; Social Problems
Free Keywords Alcohol; Expectancies; Placebo; Field experiment
Document language English
Publication Year 2008
Page/Pages p. 137-142
Journal Journal of Experimental Social Psychology, 45 (2008) 1
DOI http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.jesp.2008.07.018
Status Postprint; peer reviewed
Licence PEER Licence Agreement (applicable only to documents from PEER project)