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Getting off lightly? The impact of the international financial crisis on the Middle East and North Africa

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Brach, Juliane; Loewe, Markus

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Corporate Editor GIGA German Institute of Global and Area Studies - Leibniz-Institut für Globale und Regionale Studien
Abstract In contrast to other parts of the world, most MENA developing countries will able to get off lightly if the international financial crisis does not last for too long. As is the case for other world regions, the crisis is impacting the MENA region mainly through two indirect effects: (i) a decline in the export of goods and services and (ii) a reduction in remittancessent back home by migrant workers abroad. The more direct effects on the region's financial markets matter to a much lesser extent. However, the Gulf countries in particular are also suffering from the wealth effect: substantial losses of capital invested abroad.The non-oil-exporting countries of the region are not very vulnerable to the effects of the financial crisis, partly because they are only weakly integrated into international trade and capital markets.The energy exporters are being hit harder, especially because the oil price has fallen steeply. However, as long as the price does not continue to fall, most energy exporters will be able to survive the crisis for some time because they have been able to accumulate considerable financial reserves during the boom years.Dubai, Iraq, Iran and Yemen are the countries within the MENA region that have been most affected by the financial crisis. They do not have sufficient financial reserves to finance the gap between public spending and income from the sales of oil and gas. (GIGA)
Keywords Middle East; North Africa; financial market; financial crisis; economic impact; finance; economic situation; assets
Classification National Economy
Free Keywords Wirkung/Auswirkung; Nachfrage nach Gütern und Dienstleistungen; Rücküberweisungen
Document language English
Publication Year 2009
City Hamburg
Page/Pages 8 p.
Series GIGA Focus International Edition, 1
Status Published Version; not reviewed
Licence Creative Commons - Attribution-Noncommercial-No Derivative Works