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From the manpower revolution to the activation paradigm : explaining institutional continuity and change in an integrating Europe


Weishaupt, J. Timo

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Abstract This book examines the origins and evolution of labor market policy in Western Europe, while paying close attention to the OECD and the European Union as proliferators of new ideas. Three phases are identified: (a) a manpower revolution phase during the 1960s and 1970s, when most European governments emulated Swedish manpower policies and introduced/modernized their public employment services; (b) a phase of international disagreement about the root causes of, and remedies for, unemployment, triggering a diversity of policy responses during the late 1970s and 1980s; and (c) the emergence of an activation paradigm since the late 1990s, causing a process of institutional hybridization. The book's main contention is that the evolution of labor market policy is not only determined by historical trajectories or coalitional struggles, but also by policy makers' changing normative and cognitive beliefs. The cases studied include Austria, Denmark, Germany, Ireland, Sweden, and the United Kingdom.

In dit boek onderzoekt J. Timo Weishaupt de oorsprong en evolutie van de arbeidsmarkt en arbeidswetgeving in West-Europa. Extra aandacht gaat daarbij uit naar de oeCD en de Europese Unie als voortrekkers van nieuwe ideeën op dit gebied. Timo Weishaupt deed onderzoek in Oostenrijk, Denemarken, Duitsland, Ierland, Zweden en het Verenigd Koninkrijk. Hij komt tot de conclusie dat de evolutie van arbeidswetgeving niet alleen wordt bepaald door historische ontwikkelingen, maar ook door de veranderende overtuigingen van beleidsmakers.
Keywords labor market policy; Western Europe; activating labor market policy; EU; employment policy; welfare state; OECD; case study; Austria; Denmark; Ireland; Federal Republic of Germany; Sweden; Great Britain; international comparison
Classification Labor Market Policy
Document language English
Publication Year 2011
Publisher Amsterdam Univ. Press
City Amsterdam
Page/Pages 396 p.
Series Changing Welfare States
ISBN 978-90-8964-252-3
Status Published Version; reviewed
Licence Creative Commons - Attribution-Noncommercial-No Derivative Works