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The paradoxes of transparency : science and the ecosystem approach to fisheries management in Europe


Wilson, Douglas Clyde

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Abstract The International Council for the Exploration of the Sea (ICES) is the central scientific network within the massive set of bureaucracies that is responsible for Europe's Common Fisheries Policy (CFP). While spending the past 25 years failing to sustain Europe's fish stocks, this management system also became adept at making the lives of its scientists miserable. Now it is being confronted by the complex challenge of an ecosystem-based approach to fisheries management. If this combination of a multi-national bureaucracy, hard politics, and scientific uncertainty has made it impossible to maintain many individual fish stocks, how are decisions going to be made that consider everything from sea birds to climate change? The old political saw that "if you can't solve a problem, make it bigger" has never been put to a test like this! Yet ICES has begun to rise in an impressive way to the scientific challenge of providing advice for an ecosystem approach within the world's most cumbersome fisheries management system. This book lays out the results of extensive sociological research on ICES and the decision making systems into which it feeds. ICES is finding ways to provide effective advice in the many situations where scientific advice is needed but a clear, simple answer is out of reach. In spite of the difficulties, scientists are beginning to help the various parties concerned with management to deal with facts about nature in ways that are more useful and transparent.

The International Council for the Exploration of the Sea (ICES) is het centrale wetenschappelijke netwerk binnen de grote hoeveelheid van bureaucratieC+n die verantwoordelijk is voor Europa's Common Fisheries Policy (CFP). De afgelopen 25 jaar lukte het ICES niet om de visquota te handhaven. Bovendien belemmerde het managementsysteem het werk van de betrokken onderzoekers. Nu is een bewustere aanpak met oog voor het ecosysteem een nieuwe uitdaging voor ICES. Wel rest nog de kwestie van besluitvorming in een situatie waarin bureaucratie, harde politiek en wetenschappelijke onzekerheid het onmogelijk maken om de individuele visquota te handhaven. ICES is begonnen met het adviseren van 's werelds lastigste managementsysteem: dat van de visserij. The Paradoxes of Transparency is het resultaat van uitgebreid sociologisch onderzoek naar ICES. Wilson laat zien dat de organisatie nieuwe manieren vindt om een effectief wetenschappelijk advies te geven.
Keywords ecological system; fishery; environmental policy; decision making; political decision; process; conservation; environmental management; environmental protection; sociological theory; seas; EU; institutional factors; social system; scientific consulting
Classification Political Process, Elections, Political Sociology, Political Culture; Ecology, Environment
Free Keywords International Council for the Exploration of the Sea; ICES;
Document language English
Publication Year 2009
Publisher Amsterdam Univ. Press
City Amsterdam
Page/Pages 304 p.
Series Mare Publication Series, 5
ISBN 978-90-8964-060-4
Status Published Version; reviewed
Licence Creative Commons - Attribution-Noncommercial-No Derivative Works