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The dependent variable problem in quantitative studies of Active Labour Market Programmes: uncovering hidden dynamics?

[working paper]

Vlandas, Timothee

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Corporate Editor University of Edinburgh, Publication and Dissemination Centre (PUDISCwowe)
Abstract "The question of what explains variation in expenditures on Active Labour Market Programs (ALMPs) has attracted significant scholarship in recent years. Significant insights have been gained with respect to the role of employers, unions and dual labour markets, openness, and partisanship. However, there remain significant disagreements with respects to key explanatory variables such the role of unions or the impact of partisanship. Qualitative studies have shown that there are both good conceptual reasons as well as historical evidence that different ALMPs are driven by different dynamics. There is little reason to believe that vastly different programs such as training and employment subsidies are driven by similar structural, interest group or indeed partisan dynamics. The question is therefore whether different ALMPs have the same correlation with different key explanatory variables identified in the literature? Using regression analysis, this paper shows that the explanatory variables identified by the literature have different relation to distinct ALMPs. This refinement adds significant analytical value and shows that disagreements are at least partly due to a dependent variable problem of 'over-aggregation'." (author's abstract)
Keywords labor market policy; job creation measure; employment promotion; activation; vocational education; public expenditures; trade union; protection against dismissal; effect on employment; incentive system; Europe
Classification Labor Market Policy
Free Keywords labour market policy; active labour market policies: ALMP; political economy
Document language English
Publication Year 2011
City Edinburgh
Page/Pages 31 p.
Series Working Papers on the Reconciliation of Work and Welfare in Europe, REC-WP 03/2011
Status Published Version; reviewed
Licence Deposit Licence - No Redistribution, No Modifications