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Looking through the eyes of the powerful


Lammers, Joris; Gordijn, Ernestine H.; Otten, Sabine


Bitte beziehen Sie sich beim Zitieren dieses Dokumentes immer auf folgenden Persistent Identifier (PID):http://nbn-resolving.de/urn:nbn:de:0168-ssoar-262825

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Abstract Across four experiments, we test the idea that power decreases metastereotyping, and that this effect is mediated by reduced perspective taking. Metastereotypes refer to the beliefs that members of group A share about the stereotypes that members of specific outgroup B typically have about ingroup A. We propose that the dominant psychological orientation of the powerless is aimed at seeing how others see them. In an intergroup situation they are therefore inclined to activate and apply metastereotypes. In the first three experiments we consistently find that low power leads to more metastereotyping than high power and control (in Experiment 3). Specifically, we show this effect with three different manipulations of power, namely a role manipulation (Experiment 1), experiential priming (Experiment 2), and parafoveal priming (Experiment 3). In the fourth experiment we uncover the mediating role of perspective taking. Together these findings provide strong evidence that powerlessness leads to metastereotyping.
Klassifikation Sozialpsychologie
Freie Schlagwörter Power; Metastereotype; Stereotype; Perspective taking; Intergroup relations; Perception
Sprache Dokument Englisch
Publikationsjahr 2008
Seitenangabe S. 1229-1238
Zeitschriftentitel Journal of Experimental Social Psychology, 44 (2008) 5
DOI http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.jesp.2008.03.015
Status Postprint; begutachtet (peer reviewed)
Lizenz PEER Licence Agreement (applicable only to documents from PEER project)