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Looking through the eyes of the powerful

[journal article]

Lammers, Joris; Gordijn, Ernestine H.; Otten, Sabine

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Please use the following Persistent Identifier (PID) to cite this document:http://nbn-resolving.de/urn:nbn:de:0168-ssoar-262825

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Abstract Across four experiments, we test the idea that power decreases metastereotyping, and that this effect is mediated by reduced perspective taking. Metastereotypes refer to the beliefs that members of group A share about the stereotypes that members of specific outgroup B typically have about ingroup A. We propose that the dominant psychological orientation of the powerless is aimed at seeing how others see them. In an intergroup situation they are therefore inclined to activate and apply metastereotypes. In the first three experiments we consistently find that low power leads to more metastereotyping than high power and control (in Experiment 3). Specifically, we show this effect with three different manipulations of power, namely a role manipulation (Experiment 1), experiential priming (Experiment 2), and parafoveal priming (Experiment 3). In the fourth experiment we uncover the mediating role of perspective taking. Together these findings provide strong evidence that powerlessness leads to metastereotyping.
Classification Social Psychology
Free Keywords Power; Metastereotype; Stereotype; Perspective taking; Intergroup relations; Perception
Document language English
Publication Year 2008
Page/Pages p. 1229-1238
Journal Journal of Experimental Social Psychology, 44 (2008) 5
DOI http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.jesp.2008.03.015
Status Postprint; peer reviewed
Licence PEER Licence Agreement (applicable only to documents from PEER project)