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Ideational learning and the paradox of Chinese Catholic reconciliation

Ideelles Lernen und das Paradox der chinesisch-katholischen Versöhnung
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Reardon, Lawrence C.

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Abstract During the 1980s, Chinese policy elites underwent a process of complex learning in economic policy that resulted in a shift from a revolutionary to a techno-economic paradigm that greatly reduced the control of the Chinese Communist Party over the economy. Spillover from the sectoral paradigm shift affected other policy sectors, which forced policy elites to experiment with religious policies that would complement the new economic paradigm. This experimentation fostered the growth of a civil society that could assume the social responsibilities cast off by the reforming state-owned enterprises. However, the experimentation also empowered distributional coalitions such as the Falungong, which threatened the party's control. Policy elites thus implemented adaptations of religious policies formulated under the revolutionary paradigm. The study concludes that the current conflict between the Vatican and Beijing resembles an iterated prisoner's dilemma and that the conflict will continue until Chinese policy elites realize that the failure of religious policy adaptations threaten the long-term goals of the techno-economic paradigm.
Keywords China; religion; Catholic Church (Roman); religious policy; twentieth century; political elite; communist party; revolution; paradigm; civil society; responsibility; political movement; Asia
Classification Sociology of Religion; Political Process, Elections, Political Sociology, Political Culture
Method descriptive study
Free Keywords Social sciences; Catholic church; learning; Contemporary
Document language English
Publication Year 2011
Page/Pages p. 43-70
Journal Journal of Current Chinese Affairs, 40 (2011) 2
ISSN 1868-4874
Status Published Version; peer reviewed
Licence Creative Commons - Attribution-Noncommercial-No Derivative Works