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Discrepant electorates : the inclusiveness of electorates and its impact on the representation of citizens


Caramani, Daniele; Strijbis, Oliver


Bitte beziehen Sie sich beim Zitieren dieses Dokumentes immer auf folgenden Persistent Identifier (PID):http://nbn-resolving.de/urn:nbn:de:0168-ssoar-261790

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Körperschaftlicher Herausgeber Institut für Höhere Studien (IHS), Wien
Abstract This paper addresses the democratically fundamental question of the inclusiveness of electorates and of its impact on citizens' representation. While the literature has focussed on the congruence between voters and representatives, it has neglected congruence issues between citizens and representatives. The paper investigates comparatively this bias and source of newly disenfranchised citizens in a globalised society with increasing mobility. On the one hand, electoral laws vary in their inclusion or exclusion of expatriates (emigrants) and in the right to vote to non-national residents (immigrants). On the other hand, naturalisation laws vary in the maintenance of nationality for expatriates and in their inclusion of non-national residents. We illustrate levels of 'discrepancy' between electorate and citizenship in 22 OECD countries qualitatively, by presenting differences of electoral and nationality laws, and quantitatively, by comparing the size of citizenship with that of the electorate, and the national and resident populations. We show that shifts between political and national communities are primarily due to naturalisation laws and that electoral laws have so far been unable to correct for the discrepancy.
Thesaurusschlagwörter citizenship; political participation; voter; voting behavior; electoral law; naturalization; nationality
Klassifikation politische Willensbildung, politische Soziologie, politische Kultur
Freie Schlagwörter Electorate; Citizenships; Representation; Inclusiveness; Electoral laws; Naturalisation
Sprache Dokument Englisch
Publikationsjahr 2011
Erscheinungsort Wien
Seitenangabe 22 S.
Schriftenreihe Reihe Politikwissenschaft / Institut für Höhere Studien, Abt. Politikwissenschaft, 124
Status Veröffentlichungsversion; begutachtet
Lizenz Deposit Licence - Keine Weiterverbreitung, keine Bearbeitung