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Balancing work and solidarity in the western democracies

Vereinbarkeit von Beruf und Solidarität in den westlichen Demokratien
[working paper]

Haskins, Ron

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Corporate Editor Wissenschaftszentrum Berlin für Sozialforschung gGmbH
Abstract "The capitalist democracies of western Europe and the U.S. have developed extensive social programs, based on the principle of solidarity, that provide assistance to the destitute, the unemployed, the sick, the disabled, and the elderly. Due in part to growing levels of spending on these solidarity programs that may threaten financial solvency in some of these countries and in part to a growing belief that social programs should help people work and achieve self-sufficiency, these countries have implemented 'work activation' policies that try to encourage, entice, and cajole physically-able people to work. Experience implementing such work activation policies now suggests that policy can emphasize the relatively new goal of work activation while still achieving the traditional social purpose of solidarity programs by greatly reducing poverty. The aim of this paper is to review the experiences of the U.S. and selected European nations in attempting to balance solidarity with work activation by discussing both the components of an ideal work activation system and the problems these systems often encounter. The problems examined include too few jobs, recessions, low wages, and disconnected adults. The overarching purpose of the paper is to find a balance between the goals of social solidarity and work activation." (author's abstract)
Keywords Federal Republic of Germany; Great Britain; Netherlands; United States of America; international comparison; Western world; mother; activating labor market policy; labor policy; solidarity; poverty; employment policy; women's employment; EU; economic development (on national level); sanction; privatization; unemployment; low wage
Classification Political System, Constitution, Government; Social Security; Labor Market Policy
Method applied research; empirical; quantitative empirical
Document language English
Publication Year 2010
City Berlin
Page/Pages 67 p.
Series Discussion Papers / Wissenschaftszentrum Berlin für Sozialforschung, Forschungsschwerpunkt Bildung, Arbeit und Lebenschancen, Abteilung Ungleichheit und soziale Integration, 2010-203
Licence Deposit Licence - No Redistribution, No Modifications
data provider This metadata entry was indexed by the Special Subject Collection Social Sciences, USB Cologne