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Indonesian political Islam: capitalist development and the legacies of the Cold War

Indonesiens politischer Islam: kapitalistische Entwicklung und die Altlasten des Kalten Krieges
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Hadiz, Vedi R.

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Abstract This article explores the genesis of Indonesian political Islam and its interactions with the nationalist secular state in the immediate post-colonial era while examining some of the origins of the 'radical' stream that has garnered much attention in the current post-authoritarian period. It puts forward the idea that, rather than an outcome of Indonesian democratisation, this stream was in fact the product of authoritarian New Order rule. The article also considers some parallels in the trajectories of political Islam more generally in Indonesia, the Middle East and North Africa, especially as a kind of populist response to the tensions and contradictions of global capitalism. It addresses the city of Surakarta (Solo) as a case study and highlights the importance of Cold War politics in moulding political Islam in Indonesia and elsewhere. The approach emphasises historical and sociological factors shaping political Islam that have tended to be relegated to the background in prevalent security-oriented analyses concerned with issues of terrorism and violence.
Keywords Indonesia; political system; Islam; nation; national consciousness; national identity; nationalism; authoritarian system; authoritarianism; capitalism; populism; Southeast Asia; Asia
Classification Sociology of Religion; Political Process, Elections, Political Sociology, Political Culture
Method descriptive study
Free Keywords Political Science; Area Studies; Sociology; Indonesia; political Islam; Cold War politics; New Order rule; Southeast Asia; 1998-2010
Document language English
Publication Year 2011
Page/Pages p. 3-38
Journal Journal of Current Southeast Asian Affairs, 30 (2011) 1
ISSN 1868-4882
Status Published Version; peer reviewed
Licence Creative Commons - Attribution-Noncommercial-No Derivative Works