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Political parties and government coalitions in the Americas

Partidos políticos y gobiernos de coalición en las Américas
Politische Parteien und Regierungskoalitionen in Nord- und Südamerika
[journal article]

Alemán, Eduardo; Tsebelis, George

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Please use the following Persistent Identifier (PID) to cite this document:http://nbn-resolving.de/urn:nbn:de:gbv:18-4-3977

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Abstract This paper focuses on the process of coalition formation in presidential systems. It shows that party positions and institutions influence the formation of government coalitions. We argue that presidents will tend to include parties positioned close to their policy positions in their cabinets, and will be more inclined to do it when relative institutional authority is more advantageous to congress. We corroborate our arguments with data from 13 presidential countries in the Americas.

Este artículo se centra en el proceso de formación de coaliciones en sistemas presidenciales. El artículo demuestra que las posiciones de los partidos y las instituciones influencian la formación de coaliciones gubernamentales. Argumentamos que los presidentes tienden a incluir dentro del gabinete a aquellos partidos que tienen posiciones cercanas, y que esta tendencia es más fuerte cuando la autoridad institucional es relativamente más favorable al congreso. Corroboramos nuestros argumentos con data de 13 países con sistemas presidenciales en las Américas.
Keywords Latin America; party; presidential system; president; ideology; coalition; government; coalition formation; institutional factors; political regime; comparative research; parliament; political system; participation; model; South America
Classification Political Process, Elections, Political Sociology, Political Culture
Method empirical; quantitative empirical; basic research; theory application
Free Keywords Political Science; America; presidential systems; political parties; ideology; cabinets; executives; institutions; coalitions; ciencia política; América; sistemas presidenciales; partidos políticos; coaliciones; ideología; gabinetes; poder ejecutivo; instituciones; 1990-2011
Document language English
Publication Year 2011
Page/Pages p. 3-28
Journal Journal of Politics in Latin America, 3 (2011) 1
ISSN 1868-4890
Status Published Version; peer reviewed
Licence Creative Commons - Attribution-Noncommercial-No Derivative Works