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On the goal-dependency of unconscious thought


Bos, Maarten W.; Dijksterhuis, Ap; Baaren, Rick B. van


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Abstract Recent research has shown that unconscious thought can improve the quality of complex decisions (Dijksterhuis, 2004; Dijksterhuis, Bos, Nordgren & Van Baaren, 2006). In the present research we investigate whether unconscious thought is goaldependent. In four experiments participants were given information pertaining to a decision problem or to an impression formation problem. Subsequently, they were either given time to think consciously about the information or they were distracted for some time, during which they could engage in unconscious thought. Of the participants that were distracted however, some were given the goal to further process the information, whereas others were not given such a goal. Our experiments clearly show that unconscious thought is goal-dependent. Without a goal, people do not engage in unconscious thought.
Klassifikation Allgemeine Psychologie
Freie Schlagwörter Social Cognition; Unconscious thought; Judgement; Decision making; Impression formation; Deliberation without attention
Sprache Dokument Englisch
Publikationsjahr 2008
Seitenangabe S. 1114-1120
Zeitschriftentitel Journal of Experimental Social Psychology, 44 (2008) 4
DOI http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.jesp.2008.01.001
Status Postprint; begutachtet (peer reviewed)
Lizenz PEER Licence Agreement (applicable only to documents from PEER project)