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Modulation of facial mimicry by attitudes

[journal article]

Likowski, Katja U.; Mühlberger, Andreas; Seibt, Beate; Pauli, Paul; Weyers, Peter

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Please use the following Persistent Identifier (PID) to cite this document:http://nbn-resolving.de/urn:nbn:de:0168-ssoar-253748

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Abstract The current experiment explored the influence of attitudes on facial reactions to emotional faces. The participants’ attitudes (positive, neutral, and negative) towards three types of characters were manipulated by written reports. Afterwards participants saw happy, neutral, and sad facial expressions of the respective characters while their facial muscular reactions (M. Corrugator supercilii and M. Zygomaticus major) were recorded electromyografically. Results revealed facial mimicry reactions to happy and sad faces of positive characters, but less and even incongruent facial muscular reactions to happy and sad faces of negative characters. Overall, the results show that attitudes, formed in a few minutes, and only by reports and not by own experiences, can moderate automatic non-verbal social behavior, i.e. facial mimicry.
Classification Methods and Techniques of Data Collection and Data Analysis, Statistical Methods, Computer Methods; Social Psychology
Free Keywords Facial mimicry; Attitudes; Interpersonal relationships; Emotion
Document language English
Publication Year 2008
Page/Pages p. 1065-1072
Journal Journal of Experimental Social Psychology, 44 (2008) 4
DOI http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.jesp.2007.10.007
Status Postprint; peer reviewed
Licence PEER Licence Agreement (applicable only to documents from PEER project)