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Middle East and North Africa countries' agricultural export potentials under trade reforms


Tsakiridou, Efthimia; Somwaru, Agapi; Mattas, Konstadinos


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Abstract Middle East and North Africa (MENA) countries future stand in the world's economy depends to a large extent on the potentials of their agriculture to perform in a free trade world. EU is the largest market for agricultural products of MENA countries, though new outlets and new partnerships can expand the market of their produce. Enhancing agriculture's potentials safeguards the economy's general expansion and impede the flee of MENA countries' huge labor reserves to the developed world. In this work, introducing a few possible trade reforms, a general equilibrium model is employed to assess the impacts upon region's export potentials and welfare changes. Selecting certain distinct scenarios from a wide spectrum of anticipated trade reforms, and feeding them into the model, insights on the direction of the expected changes and rough estimates of accrued benefits can be extracted. The model results suggest that the region might benefit the most under special provisions for developing countries in a WTO agreement, while in the case of EU-Med agreement agricultural trade will benefit MENA countries and can induce economic growth through the expansion of agricultural exports.
Klassifikation internationale Beziehungen, Entwicklungspolitik; Wirtschaftspolitik; Wirtschaftssektoren
Freie Schlagwörter trade reform; MENA countries; Mediterranean countries; agricultural exports; trade agreements
Sprache Dokument Englisch
Publikationsjahr 2010
Seitenangabe S. 1591-1599
Zeitschriftentitel Applied Economics, 42 (2010) 12
DOI http://dx.doi.org/10.1080/00036840701721497
Status Postprint; begutachtet (peer reviewed)
Lizenz PEER Licence Agreement (applicable only to documents from PEER project)