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Physical capacity in physically active and non-active adolescents

[journal article]

Mikaelsson, Katarina; Eliasson, Kristina; Lysholm, Jack; Nyberg, Lars; Michaelson, Peter

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Please use the following Persistent Identifier (PID) to cite this document:http://nbn-resolving.de/urn:nbn:de:0168-ssoar-245549

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Abstract Aim: The aim of this study was to investigate differences in physical capacity between physically active and non-active men and women among graduates from upper secondary school. Subject and methods: Research participants were graduates (38 women and 61 men) from upper secondary school. Physical activity was determined using the International Physical Activity Questionnaire, and participants were dichotomously characterized as being physically active or physically non-active according to the recommendations of the World Health Organization (WHO). Aerobic capacity was measured using the Åstrand cycle ergometer test. Participants also underwent tests of muscular strength and balance. Results: Maximum oxygen uptake differed significantly between physically active and non-active men (mean ± SD 3.6 ± 0.7 vs 3.0 ± 0.6 l/kg, p = 0.002) and women (3.0 ± 0.6 vs 2.5 ± 0.3 l/kg, p = 0.016). There was a difference among physically active and non-active men regarding push-ups (37.1 ± 9.0 vs 28.5 ± 7.0, p < 0.001) and sit-ups (59.2 ± 30.2 vs 39.6 ± 19.4, p = 0.010). No significant differences were found regarding vertical jump or grip strength among men, any of the muscle strength measurements among women, and balance (in any sex). Conclusion: Activity levels had impact on aerobic capacity in both sexes, but did not seem to have the same impact on muscular strength and balance, especially in women.
Classification Medicine, Social Medicine
Free Keywords Adolescents; Balance; Cardiovascular capacity; Muscular capacity; Physical activity
Document language English
Publication Year 2010
Page/Pages p. 131-138
Journal Journal of Public Health, 19 (2010) 2
DOI http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/s10389-010-0371-5
Status Postprint; peer reviewed
Licence PEER Licence Agreement (applicable only to documents from PEER project)