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Physical capacity in physically active and non-active adolescents


Mikaelsson, Katarina; Eliasson, Kristina; Lysholm, Jack; Nyberg, Lars; Michaelson, Peter


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Abstract Aim: The aim of this study was to investigate differences in physical capacity between physically active and non-active men and women among graduates from upper secondary school. Subject and methods: Research participants were graduates (38 women and 61 men) from upper secondary school. Physical activity was determined using the International Physical Activity Questionnaire, and participants were dichotomously characterized as being physically active or physically non-active according to the recommendations of the World Health Organization (WHO). Aerobic capacity was measured using the Åstrand cycle ergometer test. Participants also underwent tests of muscular strength and balance. Results: Maximum oxygen uptake differed significantly between physically active and non-active men (mean ± SD 3.6 ± 0.7 vs 3.0 ± 0.6 l/kg, p = 0.002) and women (3.0 ± 0.6 vs 2.5 ± 0.3 l/kg, p = 0.016). There was a difference among physically active and non-active men regarding push-ups (37.1 ± 9.0 vs 28.5 ± 7.0, p < 0.001) and sit-ups (59.2 ± 30.2 vs 39.6 ± 19.4, p = 0.010). No significant differences were found regarding vertical jump or grip strength among men, any of the muscle strength measurements among women, and balance (in any sex). Conclusion: Activity levels had impact on aerobic capacity in both sexes, but did not seem to have the same impact on muscular strength and balance, especially in women.
Klassifikation Medizin, Sozialmedizin
Freie Schlagwörter Adolescents; Balance; Cardiovascular capacity; Muscular capacity; Physical activity
Sprache Dokument Englisch
Publikationsjahr 2010
Seitenangabe S. 131-138
Zeitschriftentitel Journal of Public Health, 19 (2010) 2
DOI http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/s10389-010-0371-5
Status Postprint; begutachtet (peer reviewed)
Lizenz PEER Licence Agreement (applicable only to documents from PEER project)