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Do highly exclusive social welfare programs increase political inequality? A comparative analysis of the 50 US states

Erhöhen in hohem Maße ausschließende soziale Wohlfahrtsprogramme die politische Ungleichheit? Eine vergleichende Analyse zwischen 50 US-Bundesstaaten
[working paper]

Plutzer, Eric

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Corporate Editor Wissenschaftszentrum Berlin für Sozialforschung gGmbH
Abstract "In this paper, I empirically test the notion that the degree of inclusion/ exclusion of social welfare policies can have important feedback effects on political participation of poor citizens. I conduct a comparative analysis of the 50 US states, using the uptake (or coverage rate) of the Food Stamp program as an indicator of relative inclusiveness. If the inclusiveness of the program 'sends a message' to potential recipients about their worth in the community, these messages may encourage or discourage participation. Using data from the National Education Longitudinal Survey, 1988-2000, I show that the turnout of young citizens raised in poor families is dramatically influenced by the inclusiveness of the state's Food Stamp program. High inclusive states displayed much lower rates of political inequality. The mechanisms underlying this effect remain to be specified. However, in the context of previous individual-level studies, the results bolster the idea of policy feedback generally, and its impact on political inequality in particular." (author's abstract)
Keywords United States of America; welfare; social security; exclusion; social inequality; social assistance; social support; program; poverty; combating poverty; social policy; representation of interests
Classification Social Security
Method empirical; quantitative empirical
Document language English
Publication Year 2010
City Berlin
Page/Pages 23 p.
Series Discussion Papers / Wissenschaftszentrum Berlin für Sozialforschung, Forschungsschwerpunkt Bildung, Arbeit und Lebenschancen, Abteilung Ungleichheit und soziale Integration, 2010-201
Licence Deposit Licence - No Redistribution, No Modifications
data provider This metadata entry was indexed by the Special Subject Collection Social Sciences, USB Cologne