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Use of Retroactive Pessimism as a Method of Coping with Identity Threat: The Impact of Group Identification


Wann, Daniel L.; Grieve, Frederick G.; Waddill, Paula J.; Martin, Jennifer


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Abstract Retroactive pessimism involves retrospectively lowering one's evaluations of a group's chances for success after a failed competition. Although past research has substantiated the existence of this strategy, investigators have yet to examine how level of group identification might impact the use of retroactive pessimism. Given that coping with group threat is most prominent among persons with high levels of group identification, we hypothesized that displays of retroactive pessimism would be magnified in persons with strong allegiances to a group. This hypothesis was tested by having supporters of two college basketball teams evaluate the chances for victory for each team both prior to the game between the teams and subsequent to the contest. Regression analyses confirmed expectations (the greatest magnitude of retroactive pessimism was reported by highly identified supporters of the losing team in their evaluations of the winning team). Subsequent analyses revealed that this effect was not mediated by level of disappointment in the outcome.
Freie Schlagwörter coping with group threat; group identification; retroactive pessimism;
Sprache Dokument Englisch
Publikationsjahr 2008
Seitenangabe S. 439-450
Zeitschriftentitel Group Processes & Intergroup Relations, 11 (2008) 4
DOI http://dx.doi.org/10.1177/1368430208095399
Status Postprint; begutachtet (peer reviewed)
Lizenz PEER Licence Agreement (applicable only to documents from PEER project)