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The Neuroscience of Stigma and Stereotype Threat

[journal article]

Derks, Belle; Inzlicht, Michael; Kang, Sonia

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Please use the following Persistent Identifier (PID) to cite this document:http://nbn-resolving.de/urn:nbn:de:0168-ssoar-228566

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Abstract This article reviews social neuroscience research on the experience of stigma from the target's perspective. More specifically, we discuss several research programs that employ electroencephalography, event-related potentials, or functional magnetic resonance imaging methods to examine neural correlates of stereotype and social identity threat. We present neuroimaging studies that show brain activation related to the experience of being stereotyped and ERP studies that shed light on the cognitive processes underlying social identity processes. Among these are two projects from our own lab. The first project reveals the important role of the neurocognitive conflict-detection system in stereotype threat effects, especially as it pertains to stereotype threat `spillover'. The second project examines the role of automatic ingroup evaluations as a neural mediator between social identity threats and compensatory ingroup bias. We conclude with a discussion of the benefits, limitations, and unique contributions of social neuroscience to our understanding of stigma and social identity threat.
Free Keywords EEG; ERP; social identity; social neuroscience; stereotype threat;
Document language English
Publication Year 2008
Page/Pages p. 163-181
Journal Group Processes & Intergroup Relations, 11 (2008) 2
DOI http://dx.doi.org/10.1177/1368430207088036
Status Postprint; peer reviewed
Licence PEER Licence Agreement (applicable only to documents from PEER project)