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Dimensions of Majority and Minority Groups

[journal article]

Seyranian, Viviane; Atuel, Hazel; Crano, William D.

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Please use the following Persistent Identifier (PID) to cite this document:http://nbn-resolving.de/urn:nbn:de:0168-ssoar-228482

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Abstract Several definitions of majority and minority groups can be found in the social psychological literature. They involve numeric size, power/status, and counternormative position, but size is most commonly used in experimental research to manipulate minority/minority status. Does this practice mirror real-world conceptualizations? To address this question, 77 participants were asked to describe majority and minority groups using a structured openended measure. Content analysis of their responses revealed that majority and minority groups were conceptualized along eight dimensions, which included power, number, distinctiveness, social category, group context, dispositions, and being the source or target of behavior. Although these dimensions were relevant to both majorities and minorities, they often were applied differentially. Also, minorities were associated with more divergent thinking and viewed more negatively than were majorities. On the basis of these findings, a new typology of groups was proposed that could be used in future experimental research to advance our understanding of majorities and minorities.
Free Keywords group dynamics; indirect influence; minority groups; persuasive communication; social groups; social influence;
Document language English
Publication Year 2008
Page/Pages p. 21-37
Journal Group Processes & Intergroup Relations, 11 (2008) 1
DOI http://dx.doi.org/10.1177/1368430207084843
Status Postprint; peer reviewed
Licence PEER Licence Agreement (applicable only to documents from PEER project)