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Discrimination and the Implicit Association Test

[journal article]

Rudman, Laurie A.; Ashmore, Richard D.

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Please use the following Persistent Identifier (PID) to cite this document:http://nbn-resolving.de/urn:nbn:de:0168-ssoar-228315

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Abstract Prejudice researchers have been criticized for failing to assess behaviors that reflect overtly hostile actions (i.e. racial animus; Arkes & Tetlock, 2004; Mackie & Smith, 1998). Two studies sought to begin to fill this gap in the implicit literature by showing that scores on the Implicit Association Test (IAT; Greenwald, McGhee, & Schwartz, 1998) are linked to harmful intergroup behaviors. In Study 1, the IAT predicted self-reported racial discrimination, including verbal slurs, exclusion, and physical harm. In Study 2, the IAT predicted recommended budget cuts for Jewish, Asian, and Black student organizations (i.e. economic discrimination). In each study, evaluative stereotype (but not attitude) IATs predicted behaviors even after controlling for explicit attitudes. In concert, the findings suggest that implicit stereotypes are more predictive of overtly harmful actions than implicit attitudes in the intergroup relations domain.
Free Keywords discrimination; implicit prejudice; implicit stereotypes; racial stereotypes; social cognition; intergroup relations;
Document language English
Publication Year 2007
Page/Pages p. 359-372
Journal Group Processes & Intergroup Relations, 10 (2007) 3
DOI http://dx.doi.org/10.1177/1368430207078696
Status Postprint; peer reviewed
Licence PEER Licence Agreement (applicable only to documents from PEER project)