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Converting Verbs into Adjectives: Asymmetrical Memory Distortions for Stereotypic and Counterstereotypic Information

[journal article]

Maass, Anne; Cadinu, Mara; Boni, Marta; Borini, Cristiana

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Please use the following Persistent Identifier (PID) to cite this document:http://nbn-resolving.de/urn:nbn:de:0168-ssoar-227834

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Abstract This paper investigated the hypotheses that (a) inferences from behaviors to traits would occur more frequently than vice versa, (b) this induction-deduction asymmetry would be facilitated by stereotype congruence but inhibited by incongruence, and (c) the tendency to draw trait inferences from stereotype-congruent but not from stereotype-incongruent behaviors would become more pronounced with increasing levels of Need for Cognitive Closure. Participants read information about a female or male job applicant that was in part relevant to gender, in part gender-neutral. The gender-relevant information was either stereotype-congruent or incongruent. Half of the information was presented as trait-adjectives, half as behavior-descriptive verbs. A recognition task was constructed so that some of the items (traits and behaviors) had actually been seen, some were entirely new, and some were new but had been implied by the information given. All three hypotheses were supported. Implications for intra-individual and interpersonal stereotype maintenance are discussed.
Free Keywords deduction; false memories; induction; inferences; stereotypes;
Document language English
Publication Year 2005
Page/Pages p. 271-290
Journal Group Processes & Intergroup Relations, 8 (2005) 3
DOI http://dx.doi.org/10.1177/1368430205053943
Status Postprint; peer reviewed
Licence PEER Licence Agreement (applicable only to documents from PEER project)