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How Newly Acquainted Dyads Develop Shared Stereotypic Impressions through Conversation

[journal article]

Ruscher, Janet B.; Cralley, Elizabeth L.; O’Farrell, Kimberly J.

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Please use the following Persistent Identifier (PID) to cite this document:http://nbn-resolving.de/urn:nbn:de:0168-ssoar-227821

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Abstract This study investigated how feelings of closeness at initial acquaintance encourage the development of shared stereotypic impressions of others through conversation. At least early in a relationship, closer dyads may be especially inclined to get along with one another. In order to satisfy this goal, they should focus their conversations around easily agreed upon stereotypic attributes and spontaneously express agreement about those attributes. As a consequence, the shared impressions that they form should be relatively stereotypic. In this study, closeness was manipulated in previously unacquainted college-age dyads, who then discussed their impressions of an elderly woman. Closer dyads allocated more discussion time to stereotypic attributes, expressed agreement about those attributes, invoked stereotypic exemplars, and ultimately formed more stereotypic shared impressions. The discussion considers study limitations and possible boundary conditions of the effects, as well as implications for the transmission of outgroup stereotypes during socialization to a new ingroup.
Free Keywords conversation; shared impressions; stereotyping;
Document language English
Publication Year 2005
Page/Pages p. 259-270
Journal Group Processes & Intergroup Relations, 8 (2005) 3
DOI http://dx.doi.org/10.1177/1368430205053942
Status Postprint; peer reviewed
Licence PEER Licence Agreement (applicable only to documents from PEER project)