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Political culture of society under the conditions of radical social changes : a comparative analysis of Poland and Ukraine

Politische Kultur und Gesellschaft unter den Bedingungen radikalen sozialen Wandels : eine vergleichende Analyse von Polen und der Ukraine
[journal article]

Gorbachyk, Andriy; Lyzogub, Iryna

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Please use the following Persistent Identifier (PID) to cite this document:http://nbn-resolving.de/urn:nbn:de:0168-ssoar-221855

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Corporate Editor Institut für Höhere Studien (IHS), Wien
Abstract Die vergleichende Studie zur politischen Kultur der postkommunistischen Gesellschaften Polens und der Ukraine zeigt zunächst den ungleichen Entwicklungsstand der Länder in ihrem Transformationsprozeß hin zu einer demokratischen Gesellschaft. Die Analyse basiert auf Daten des Neue Demokratien-Barometers III (1993) und IV (1995). Politische Kultur definieren die Autoren als das System der Orientierungen und Einstellungen zur Politik. Der Vergleich zeigt, dass Polen im Demokratisierungsprozess bisher weiter fortgeschritten ist. Die Bevölkerung der Ukraine mißtraut den politischen Institutionen stärker als die Polens und auch die 'Nostalgie' für die kommunistische Zeit ist in der Ukraine ausgeprägter und nimmt sogar wieder zu. Trotz dieser Unterschiede zwischen den politischen Kulturen der Länder befinden sich beide Länder auf einem vergleichbaren Entwicklungspfad zur Demokratie. (ICAÜbers)

'This paper is devoted to the comparative study of political culture in the two post-communist countries Poland and Ukraine, which are in different stages in the transformation from communist to democratic society. Our analysis is based on data sets provided by the New Democracies Barometer III (1993) and IV (1995). Political culture is defined as a system of orientations toward politics. The evaluative component of such aspects of political culture as regime orientation, external competence and political trust is taken into consideration. Our comparison shows that in Poland the evaluation of external competence is more positive than in Ukraine. The population of Ukraine distrusts the political institutions more than the population of Poland. In Ukraine a substantial part of the population feels nostalgia for communist times, and this nostalgia has a tendency to increase. In Poland on the other hand the majority of population evaluates the communist regime negatively. The structure of the relations between the economic and political orientations is mainly the same in both countries under study. Differences in relations presented in the model have a tendency to decrease. The direction in which Ukraine is heading is similar to that of Poland.' (author's abstract)|
Keywords post-socialist country; communism; USSR successor state; democratization; political attitude; social change; transformation; political institution; political culture; Poland; Ukraine; post-communist society
Classification Macrosociology, Analysis of Whole Societies; Political Process, Elections, Political Sociology, Political Culture
Method empirical; quantitative empirical
Document language English
Publication Year 2000
City Wien
Page/Pages 33 p.
Series Reihe Soziologie / Institut für Höhere Studien, Abt. Soziologie, No. 39
Licence Deposit Licence - No Redistribution, No Modifications
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