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Justice and the Human Alarm System: The Impact of Exclamation Points and Flashing Lights on the Justice Judgment Process

[journal article]

Bos, Kees van den; Ham, Jaap; Lind, E. Allan; Simonis, Marieke; Essen, Wiljo J. van; Rijpkema, Mark

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Abstract Extending theory within the justice domain and work on the human alarm system, the current paper argues that the process by which justice judgments are formed may be influenced reliably by the activation of psychological systems that people use to detect and handle alarming situations. Building on this analysis, it is further proposed that if this line of reasoning is true then presenting alarm-related stimuli, such as exclamation points and flashing lights, to people should lead to more extreme judgments about subsequent justice-related events than not presenting these alarming stimuli. Findings collected using different experimental paradigms provide evidence supporting these predictions both inside and outside the psychology lab. Implications for the social psychology of justice and the human alarm system literature are discussed.
Keywords fairness; justice; procedure
Classification Social Psychology
Free Keywords Justice; Procedures; Outcomes; Human alarm system
Publication Year 2008
Page/Pages p. 201-219
Journal Journal of Experimental Social Psychology, 44 (2008) 2
DOI http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.jesp.2007.03.001
Status Postprint; peer reviewed
Licence PEER Licence Agreement (applicable only to documents from PEER project)