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Exploring mediating factors in the association between parental psychological distress and psychosocial maladjustment in adolescence

[journal article]

Roustit, Christelle; Campoy, Eric; Chaix, Basile; Chauvin, Pierre

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Please use the following Persistent Identifier (PID) to cite this document:http://nbn-resolving.de/urn:nbn:de:0168-ssoar-214121

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Abstract Abstract: Parental psychopathology is associated with increased psychosocial maladjustment in adolescents. We examined, from a psychosocial perspective, the association between parental psychological distress and psychosocial maladjustment in adolescents and assessed the mediating role of psychosocial covariates. This is a cross-sectional survey and the setting include representative sample of Quebec adolescents in 1999. The participants of the study include 13- and 16-year-old children (N = 2,346) in the Social and Health Survey of Quebec Children and Adolescents. The main outcome measures are internalizing disorders, externalizing disorders, substance use, and alcohol consumption. For statistical analysis, we used structural equation modeling to test for mediation. Internalizing and externalizing disorders were significantly associated with parental psychological distress, but not substance use or alcohol consumption. The higher the parental distress, the higher the risk of adolescent mental health disorders. The association between parental psychological distress and internalizing disorders was mediated by adolescent self-esteem, parental emotional support and extrafamilial social support. As for externalizing disorders, these variables only had an independent effect. In conclusion, A family’s well being is a necessary condition for psychosocial adjustment in adolescence. Beyond the psychiatric approach, psychosocial considerations need to be taken into consideration to prevent negative mental health outcomes in children living in homes with distressed parents.
Keywords health status; mental health; sociopsychological factors; parents; adolescent; parent-child relationship
Classification Sociology of the Youth, Sociology of Childhood; Psychology
Free Keywords Adolescent health; Parental distress; Psychosocial factors; Epidemiology; Population survey;
Document language English
Publication Year 2010
Page/Pages p. 597-604
Journal European Child & Adolescent Psychiatry, 19 (2010) 7
DOI http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/s00787-010-0094-8
Status Postprint; peer reviewed
Licence PEER Licence Agreement (applicable only to documents from PEER project)