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An institutionalist explanation of the evolution of Taiwan's disability movement: from the charity model to the social model

Eine institutionalistische Erklärung der Entwicklung von Taiwans Behindertenbewegung: vom Charity-Modell zum Sozialmodell
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Tsai, I-lun; Ho, Ming-sho

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Abstract In this article, we analyze the process of institutional change in Taiwan’s disability field by focusing on the role of social movements. An institutional perspective emphasizes how a particular logic in an organizational field generates formal and informal institutions that define how persons with disabilities are treated in a society. Before the 1990s, the charity model was dominant, and later it came to be challenged by the disability movement, which advocated for the social model. We argue that the transition to a social model was a major achievement by disability organizations, which successfully combined the dual roles of advocate and service provider. By making strategic use of welfare privatization in the 1990s, they were able to mobilize a series of lobbying campaigns. Their efforts culminated in the passing of the Physically and Mentally Disabled Citizens Protection Act in 1997, which marked the beginning of the social model in Taiwan.
Keywords Taiwan; disability; organization for the handicapped; social movement; historical development; institutional factors; institutionalization; social welfare state; transformation; service; lobby; campaign; legislation; privatization; self-help; professionalization; social work; Asia
Classification Health Policy; Other Fields of Social Policy; Social History, Historical Social Research
Method descriptive study; empirical; quantitative empirical; historical
Free Keywords Social sciences; sociology; social movements; social/ political movements; disability movement; social model; institutional change; contemporary
Document language English
Publication Year 2010
Page/Pages p. 87-123
Journal Journal of Current Chinese Affairs, 39 (2010) 3
ISSN 1868-4874
Status Published Version; peer reviewed
Licence Creative Commons - Attribution-Noncommercial-No Derivative Works