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Correlates of two different physical activity recommendations in a German sample of 14–16-year-old boys and girls

Korrelate zweier unterschiedlicher Aktivitätsempfehlungen in einer deutschen Stichprobe von 14 bis 16-jährigen Jungen und Mädchen
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Bucksch, Jens; Fuhrmann, Holger

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Abstract Aim: The aim of this study was to examine whether the correlates of physical activity (PA) differed as a function of two different PA recommendations: (1) the Fitness Recommendation, i.e., the improvement of cardiovascular fitness by 3 × 20 min/week of vigorously intense PA and (2) the health-enhancing PA (HEPA) concept such as the emphasis on the important benefits to health and fitness by performing 5 × 60 min/week of moderately intense PA. Subjects and Methods: A cross-sectional design was used. In a sample of 524 adolescents (50.2% males, mean age = 15.0), we quantified different (demographic/biological, psychological, behavioural) self-reported correlates of PA as well as compliance with the PA recommendations. Sex-specific multivariate logistic regression models were used to identify correlates of fulfiling the two PA recommendations. Results: Multivariate analyses revealed differences between the correlates and PA-specific Recommendations. For boys, only the Fitness Recommendation was significantly associated with psychosocial variables (self-efficacy and behavioural change strategies) and membership in a sports club. For girls, membership in a sports club was significantly associated with both PA recommendations. However, this association was positive with respect to the Fitness Recommendation and negative with respect to the HEPA Recommendation. Conclusion: Our results provided some preliminary indication that correlates differ depending on specific recommendations in 14–16-year-old boys and girls. Moreover some variability with regard to sex was observed.
Keywords Federal Republic of Germany; Bremen; secondary education upper level; adolescent; girl; boy; health; health education; health behavior; sports; activity; body; impact; sports club; cognitive factors; socioeconomic factors; fitness; program; comparison
Classification Medical Sociology; Secondary Education Sector Lower Level
Method applied research; empirical; quantitative empirical; theory application
Free Keywords Physical activity recommendations; Correlates; Health-enhancing physical activity
Document language English
Publication Year 2010
Page/Pages p. 413-423
Journal Journal of Public Health, 18 (2010) 4
Status Postprint; peer reviewed
Licence PEER Licence Agreement (applicable only to documents from PEER project)