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Overall trade specialization and economic development: countries diversify

[journal article]

Benedictis, Luca; Gallegati, Marco; Tamberi, Massimo

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Please use the following Persistent Identifier (PID) to cite this document:http://nbn-resolving.de/urn:nbn:de:0168-ssoar-203154

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Abstract This paper provides evidence for an aspect of trade often disregarded in international trade research: countries' sectoral export diversification. The results of our semiparametric empirical analysis show that, on average, countries do not specialize; on the contrary, they diversify. Our results are robust for different statistical indices used to measure trade specialization, for the level of sectoral aggregation, and for the level of smoothing in the nonparametric term associated with per capita income. Using a generalized additive model (GAM) with country-specific fixed effects it can be shown that, controlling for countries’ heterogeneity, sectoral export diversification increases with income.
Classification Political Economy
Free Keywords International trade; Specialization; Development; Generalized additive models; C14; E32; F10
Document language English
Publication Year 2009
Page/Pages p. 37-55
Journal Review of World Economics, 145 (2009) 1
DOI http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/s10290-009-0007-4
Status Postprint; peer reviewed
Licence PEER Licence Agreement (applicable only to documents from PEER project)