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Prospective community study of family stress and anxiety in (pre)adolescents: the TRAILS study

[journal article]

Oort, Floor V. A. van; Verhulst, Frank C.; Ormel, Johan; Huizink, Anja C.

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Abstract For prevention of anxiety in children and adolescents, it is important to know whether family stress is a predictor of anxiety. We studied this in 1,875 adolescents from the Tracking Adolescents' Individual Lives Survey (TRAILS) who were followed up for 2 years, from age 10–12 to 12–14 years. Adolescents reported anxiety and depression symptoms at both assessments, and parents reported family stress (family dysfunction and parenting stress) at the first assessment. Family dysfunction was not associated with future anxiety, whereas high parenting stress was. Furthermore, family dysfunction was more strongly associated with anxiety than with depression, whereas parenting stress was more strongly associated with depression. Level of parental psychopathology explained part of the association of family stress with anxiety. The associations were modest and the understanding of the origins of adolescents' anxiety will require identifying other factors than family stress that account for more of the variance.
Classification Psychological Disorders, Mental Health Treatment and Prevention
Free Keywords Anxiety; Family functioning; Parenting stress; Prospective study; Adolescents
Document language English
Publication Year 2009
Page/Pages p. 483-491
Journal European Child & Adolescent Psychiatry, 19 (2009) 6
DOI http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/s00787-009-0058-z
Status Postprint; peer reviewed
Licence PEER Licence Agreement (applicable only to documents from PEER project)