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Cognitive coping and childhood anxiety disorders

[journal article]

Legerstee, Jeroen S.; Garnefski, Nadia; Jellesma, Francine C.; Verhulst, Frank C.; Utens, Elisabeth M. W. J.

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Please use the following Persistent Identifier (PID) to cite this document:http://nbn-resolving.de/urn:nbn:de:0168-ssoar-202950

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Abstract To investigate differences in cognitive coping strategies between anxiety-disordered and non-anxious 9–11-year-old children. Additionally, differences in cognitive coping between specific anxiety disorders were examined. A clinical sample of 131 anxiety-disordered children and a general population sample of 452 non-anxious children were gathered. All children filled out the child version of the Cognitive Emotion Regulation Questionnaire (CERQ-k). Structured clinical interviews were used to assess childhood anxiety disorders. Results showed that anxiety-disordered children experience significantly more 'lifetime' negative life events than non-anxious children. Adjusted for the 'lifetime' experience of negative life events, anxiety-disordered children scored significantly higher on the strategies catastrophizing and rumination, and significantly lower on the strategies positive reappraisal and refocus on planning than non-anxious children. No significant differences in cognitive coping were found between children with specific anxiety disorders. Anxiety-disordered children employ significantly more maladaptive and less adaptive cognitive coping strategies in response to negative life events than non-anxious children. The results suggest that cognitive coping is a valuable target for prevention and treatment of childhood anxiety problems.
Classification Psychological Disorders, Mental Health Treatment and Prevention
Free Keywords Anxiety disorders; Cognitive coping; Cognitive emotion regulation; Children; Life events
Document language English
Publication Year 2009
Page/Pages p. 143-150
Journal European Child & Adolescent Psychiatry, 19 (2009) 2
DOI http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/s00787-009-0051-6
Status Postprint; peer reviewed
Licence PEER Licence Agreement (applicable only to documents from PEER project)