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Predictors of outcome in infant and toddlers functional or behavioral disorders after a brief parent–infant psychotherapy


Hervé, M. J.; Paradis, M.; Rattaz, C.; Lopez, S.; Evrard, V.; White-Koning, M.; Maury, M.


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Abstract The efficacy of parent–child psychotherapies is widely recognized today. There are, however, less data on predictive factors for outcome in infants and toddlers and their parents. The aim of this study was to highlight predictive factors for outcome after a brief psychotherapy in a population of 49 infants and toddlers aged 3–30 months presenting functional or behavioral disorders. Two assessments were performed, the first before treatment and the second a month after the end of the therapy. These assessments included an evaluation of the child’s symptoms, and of depressive or anxiety symptoms in the parents. The assessments after therapy show complete or partial improvement in the child’s symptoms for nearly three quarters, and a decrease in the number of anxious and depressive mothers, and also in the number of depressive fathers. Three independent factors appear as predictive of unfavorable outcome for the child: frequency and intensity of behavioral problems and fears, and the absence of the father at more than two-thirds of consultations. The outcome for the mother is associated solely with her anxiety score at the start of the therapy. This study underlines the particular difficulties involved in the treatment of infants and toddlers presenting behavioral disturbances and emotional difficulties, and the value of involving the father in treatment.
Klassifikation psychische Störungen, Behandlung und Prävention
Freie Schlagwörter Outcome; Predictors; Infant/ toddler; Functional disorder; Behavioral disorder
Sprache Dokument Englisch
Publikationsjahr 2009
Seitenangabe S. 737-746
Zeitschriftentitel European Child & Adolescent Psychiatry, 18 (2009) 12
DOI http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/s00787-009-0032-9
Status Postprint; begutachtet (peer reviewed)
Lizenz PEER Licence Agreement (applicable only to documents from PEER project)