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Prevalence of major depression in preschool children


Domènech-Llaberia, Edelmira; Viñas, Ferran; Pla, Esther; Jané, Maria Claustre; Mitjavila, Mercè; Corbella, Teresa; Canals, Josefa


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Abstract The prevalence of preschool major depressive disorder (MDD) was studied in the community. The whole population of children between 3 and 6 years attending preschool nurseries in three areas (one urban, one rural and one suburban) in Spain (n = 1,427) were contacted. Selection was by a two-stage procedure. At stage I, the ESDM 3-6, a screening measure for preschool depression, was used to identify a sample for more intensive interviewing. Sensitivity and specificity of the cut-off point of the ESDM 3–6 had been previously tested in a pilot study (n = 229). During the first stage, 222 preschool children (15.6%) were found to be probable depressives, because they scored 27 or more, the cut-off used. At stage II, the children were interviewed and diagnosed by the consensus of two clinicians, blind to the ESDM 3-6 results. DSM-IV diagnostic criteria were used to define caseness. A total of 16 children (1.12%) met the MDD criteria. The prevalence by areas was urban 0.87%, rural 0.88%, suburban 1.43%. Sex distribution prevalence was 1:1. This study is a contribution to the scarce epidemiology of preschool depression in the community.
Klassifikation psychologische Diagnostik und Beratung, psychologische Methoden; psychische Störungen, Behandlung und Prävention
Freie Schlagwörter Preschoolers; Child depression; Epidemiology; ECI; ESDM 3-6
Sprache Dokument Englisch
Publikationsjahr 2009
Seitenangabe S. 597-604
Zeitschriftentitel European Child & Adolescent Psychiatry, 18 (2009) 10
DOI http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/s00787-009-0019-6
Status Postprint; begutachtet (peer reviewed)
Lizenz PEER Licence Agreement (applicable only to documents from PEER project)