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Why are some workers poor? : the mechanisms that produce working poverty in a comparative perspective


Crettaz, Eric; Bonoli, Giuliano


Bitte beziehen Sie sich beim Zitieren dieses Dokumentes immer auf folgenden Persistent Identifier (PID):http://nbn-resolving.de/urn:nbn:de:0168-ssoar-197985

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Körperschaftlicher Herausgeber University of Edinburgh, Publication and Dissemination Centre (PUDISCwowe)
Abstract The objective of this article is to distinguish between different types of working poverty, on the basis of the mechanisms that produce it. Whereas the poverty literature identifies a myriad of risk factors and of categories of disadvantaged workers, we focus on three immediate causes of in-work poverty, namely low remuneration rate, weak labor force attachment, and high needs, the latter mainly due to the presence of children (and sometimes to the increase in needs caused by a family breakup). These three mechanisms are the channels through which macroeconomic, demographic and policy factors have a direct bearing on working households. The main assumption tested here is that welfare regimes strongly influence the relative weight of these three mechanisms in producing working poverty. Our figures confirm this hypothesis and show that low-wage employment is a key factor but, by far, not the only one, and that family policies broadly understood play a decisive role, as well as patterns of labour market participation and integration.
Thesaurusschlagwörter labor; poverty; welfare state; employee; deprivation; low wage; work-family balance; labor force participation; family policy
Klassifikation Familienpolitik, Jugendpolitik, Altenpolitik; Arbeitsmarktforschung
Freie Schlagwörter working poverty; welfare regimes; welfare state; poverty mechanisms
Sprache Dokument Englisch
Publikationsjahr 2010
Erscheinungsort Edinburgh
Seitenangabe 30 S.
Schriftenreihe Working Papers on the Reconciliation of Work and Welfare in Europe, REC-WP 12/2010
Status Veröffentlichungsversion; begutachtet
Lizenz Deposit Licence - Keine Weiterverbreitung, keine Bearbeitung