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Gender differentiated impact of investment climate reforms : a critical review of the Doing Business Report

Geschlechtsspezifischer Einfluss auf die Reform des Investmentklimas: eine Bewertung des Doing Business Reports
[working paper]

Hampel-Milagrosa, Aimée

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Corporate Editor Deutsches Institut für Entwicklungspolitik gGmbH
Abstract "This paper examines how reforms of the regulatory business environment inspired by the World Bank's Doing Business reports impact the economic participation of women in developing countries. It focuses on gender-related impacts of four business environment reforms in areas of 1) Obtaining Credit, 2) Registering Property, 3) Starting a Business and 4) Employing Workers. The paper begins by describing the methodology of the Doing Business reports and how the suggested reforms would lead to private sector growth. Then, using an institutional economics framework, it traces women's most binding constraints in areas of credit, land titling, business start-up and female employment that the Doing Business failed to capture. Discussions show how Doing Business-style reforms in the four areas mentioned create ambiguous impacts for women entrepreneurs by either leading to increased economic opportunities or reinforcing constraints and opening up areas for exploitation. The paper emphasises that although most of the binding constraints for female economic participation take root at the level of customs, norms and beliefs - it is possible for the government to remove discrimination in the private sector by creating informed, gender-sensitive reforms." (author's abstract)
Keywords gender studies; enterprise; political institution; general conditions; woman; private economy; private sector; development; social inequality; property; credit; World Bank; company policy; gender-specific factors; discrimination; developing country; economic action; business management; management planning; women's employment
Classification International Relations, International Politics, Foreign Affairs, Development Policy; Women's Studies, Feminist Studies, Gender Studies
Method applied research; descriptive study
Free Keywords Umweltanalyse
Document language English
Publication Year 2008
City Bonn
Page/Pages 65, p.
Series DIE Discussion Paper, 16/2008
ISBN 978-3-88985-407-0
Licence Deposit Licence - No Redistribution, No Modifications
data provider This metadata entry was indexed by the Special Subject Collection Social Sciences, USB Cologne