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Forming intelligentsia in Moravia and Silesia in the second half of the 19th and at the beginning of the 20th century

Bildung der Intelligenzija in Mähren und Schlesien in der zweiten Hälfte des 19. und am Beginn des 20. Jahrhunderts
[journal article]

Pokludová, Andrea

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Abstract 'The study reports on the conclusions of a fundamental research devoted to the formation of the intelligentsia (doctors, attorneys, lawyers, engineers, secondary school professors, teachers, state, municipal and company clerks) in Moravia and Silesia in the 2nd half of the 19th and at the beginning of the 20th century. The project was carried out in selected locations: Moravian Ostrava (a new administrative centre of an industrial region), Opava (regional capital city of Austrian Silesia), Olomouc (administrative city, centre of church administration, garrison city), Mistek (stagnating town with textile industry) and Vitkovice (dynamically developing municipality). For all locations, extensive research was carried out from the census of 1857 to 1910, on the basis of which databases were prepared, containing detailed evidence about members of the intelligentsia living in the respective towns for the census concerned. According to the evidence obtained we can draw conclusions not only on the quantitative development of the monitored social groups, but describe more specifically their composition by nationality, confession, professional specialization, territorial mobility as well as their standard of living. Based on other sources the author will deal in brief with the typical professional careers of representatives of individual professions. The study also covers the problem of the engagement of intellectuals in municipal politics and associations active in the nationalization process. Attention is also paid to the high proportion of Jews among doctors and lawyers as well as aspects of the everyday life of the social groups under scrutiny.' (author's abstract)|
Keywords medicine; health care delivery system; historical analysis; language; occupation; career; social mobility; urban population; Bohemia; political elite; intellectual; infrastructure; comparison; Jew; jurist; living conditions; modernization; nationalism; Austria-Hungary; nineteenth century; Silesia
Classification Political Process, Elections, Political Sociology, Political Culture; University Education; General History
Method empirical; quantitative empirical; historical
Document language English
Publication Year 2008
Page/Pages p. 82-95
Journal Historical Social Research, 33 (2008) 2
ISSN 0172-6404
Status Published Version; peer reviewed
Licence Creative Commons - Attribution-Noncommercial-No Derivative Works