More documents from Myhre, Jan Eivind
More documents from Historical Social Research

Export to your Reference Manger

Please Copy & Paste



Bookmark and Share

Academics as the ruling elite in 19th century Norway

Akademiker als herrschende Elite im Norwegen des 19. Jahrhunderts
[journal article]

Myhre, Jan Eivind

fulltextDownloadDownload full text

(566 KByte)

Citation Suggestion

Please use the following Persistent Identifier (PID) to cite this document:

Further Details
Abstract 'With no aristocracy and its economic bourgeoisie (Wirtschaftsbürgertum) in ruins after the Napoleonic wars, the higher civil servants (Beamten, corresponding to a Bildungsbürgertum) effectively served as the ruling class in the semi-independent democratic state of Norway, created in 1814. Its base was the university in Oslo, founded in 1811. This class dominated politics and much of civil society for decades. Although democratic (wide suffrage) and meritocratic in name, the ruling class would to a large degree intermarry in its own circles and reproduce itself. Only towards the end of the 19th century did the higher civil servants encounter opposition. This came partly from outside as other social groups - peasants, artisans, merchants, workers - would challenge them. But the ruling class was also changed from within, as social recruitment to the university gradually became wider, and as university graduates would enter other occupations than higher civil service. A long-term result has been a noticeable decline in the value of higher education.' (author's abstract)|
Keywords politics; academic; education; historical analysis; occupational choice; civil service occupation; civil servant; elite; university level of education; bourgeoisie; bourgeois society; government; political elite; social change; upper class; social background; civil service executive level; jurist; Norway; political change; nineteenth century
Classification Occupational Research, Occupational Sociology; Social History, Historical Social Research
Method historical
Document language English
Publication Year 2008
Page/Pages p. 21-41
Journal Historical Social Research, 33 (2008) 2
ISSN 0172-6404
Status Published Version; peer reviewed
Licence Creative Commons - Attribution-Noncommercial-No Derivative Works