%T Job recruitment networks and migration to cities in India
%A Iversen, Vegard
%A Sen, Kunal
%A Verschoor, Arjan
%A Dubey, Amaresh
%J Journal of Development Studies
%N 4
%P 522-543
%V 45
%D 2009
%K migration; employment and law; South Asia; social capital; social issues; economics
%= 2010-09-17T10:28:00Z
%~ http://www.peerproject.eu/
%> http://nbn-resolving.de/urn:nbn:de:0168-ssoar-134718
%X Economists have focused on job search and supply-side explanations for network effects in labour transactions. We develop and tests an alternative explanation for the high prevalence of network-based labour market entry in developing countries. In our theoretical framework, employers use employee networks as screening and incentive mechanisms to improve the quality of recruitment. Our framework suggests a negative relationship between network use and the skill intensity of jobs, a positive association between economic activity and network use and a negative relationship between network use and pro-labour legislation. Social identity effects are expected to intensify compared to information-sharing and other network mechanisms. Using data from an all-India Employment Survey we implement a novel empirical strategy to test these relationships and find support for our demand-side explanation.
%C Vereinigtes K├Ânigreich
%G en
%9 Zeitschriftenartikel
%W GESIS - http://www.gesis.org
%~ SSOAR - http://www.ssoar.info