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The spacial pattern of economic activity and inactivity in Britain: people or place effects?

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Little, Allan

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Abstract Incapacity Benefit claimants are the primary target group in the next phase of the Government's Welfare-to-Work strategy. In this paper we perform a decomposition to statistically account for the part played by area-based and individual-based factors, in differential rates of employment, unemployment, inactivity and recorded sickness, across NUTS level 2 areas. Spatial variation in long-term sickness and disability cannot simply be attributed to prevailing population structures, and is more likely to be a manifestation of regional imbalances in labour demand and supply. The implication is that the success of supply-side policies is likely to be constrained by the concentration of Incapacity Benefit claimants in demand-deficient areas.
Classification Employment Research; Area Development Planning, Regional Research
Document language English
Publication Year 2009
Page/Pages p. 877-897
Journal Regional Studies, 43 (2009) 7
Status Postprint; peer reviewed
Licence PEER Licence Agreement (applicable only to documents from PEER project)