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National identity and social inclusion

[journal article]

Bechhofer, Frank; McCrone, David

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Abstract In terms of our national identity who we are and are judged to be in a particular context depends on how well our claims are regarded by those around us. Being considered not 'one of us' means being an outsider whether one wants to be or not. National identity may lead ultimately to social inclusion or exclusion. Using mainly 2005 survey data, this paper explores cultural markers such as ethnicity, birthplace, residence, accent and ancestry regarding claims to be 'Scottish'. It shows that being born in Scotland enables people to make claims and to have them accepted. Claims to be Scottish by a white and a non-white person on the basis of various markers are received in much the same way. The cultural markers which people use to judge claims represent the raw materials of identity differences with the potential to become the basis of social exclusion under appropriate conditions.
Classification General Sociology, Basic Research, General Concepts and History of Sociology, Sociological Theories; Migration, Sociology of Migration
Free Keywords national identity; social exclusion; Scotland; attitudes; cultural markers; England
Document language English
Publication Year 2008
Page/Pages p. 1245-1266
Journal Ethnic and Racial Studies, 31 (2008) 7
Status Postprint; peer reviewed
Licence PEER Licence Agreement (applicable only to documents from PEER project)