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Jemaah Islamiyah: of kin and kind

Jemaah Islamiyah: von Sippschaft und Abstammung
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Osman, Sulastri

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Abstract Convicted terrorists from Jemaah Islamiyah (JI) have attested to using the Internet in one way or another during their operations, from sending messages to one another to looking for extremist fatwas online to justify their actions. That said, however, one would be hard pressed to prove the primacy of the Internet in their transition to violence. More often than not, more traditional elements – blood relations and marriage ties – remain the key to individual religious radicalization and political violence in Southeast Asia. This paper revisits these kinship linkages as well as quasi-kinship ones that include teacher–disciple bonds and the wider fraternity of ikhwan-ship (brotherhood) with particular regard to JI. Keeping counter-terrorism efforts in context is important or else governments could run the risk of carelessly allocating vital resources to less immediate concerns.
Keywords Indonesia; political movement; islamism; terrorism; violence; Southeast Asia; radicalism; kinship; Internet; propensity to violence; religion; religious factors; family; attempted assassination; Philippines; brotherhood
Classification Sociology of Developing Countries, Developmental Sociology; Political Process, Elections, Political Sociology, Political Culture; Peace and Conflict Research, International Conflicts, Security Policy
Method descriptive study
Free Keywords Political Science; International Studies; Indonesia; Jemaah Islamiyah; Social coercion; violence; political violence; 1990-2010
Document language English
Publication Year 2010
Page/Pages p. 157-175
Journal Journal of Current Southeast Asian Affairs, 29 (2010) 2
ISSN 1868-4882
Status Published Version; peer reviewed
Licence Creative Commons - Attribution-Noncommercial-No Derivative Works