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Does disaster affect immigrant victims more than non-immigrant victims in Dutch general practice: a matched cohort study


Soeteman, Rik J. H.; Yzermans, C. Joris; Spreeuwenberg, Peter M. M.; Dorn, Tina; Kerssens, Jan J.; Bosch, Wil J. H. M.; Zee, Jouke


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Abstract Background: In the literature, immigrant victims appear to be more vulnerable to health effects of a disaster than indigenous victims. Most of these studies were performed without pre-disaster measurement and without using a control group. Aim: The objective of the study is to monitor differences between two groups of victims, Turkish immigrants and indigenous Dutch, in utilization and morbidity as presented in general practice after a man-made disaster. Methods: A matched cohort study was performed with pre-disaster (1 year) and post-disaster (4 years) measurements of patients from 30 general practices in Enschede. Turkish victims (N=303) and Dutch victims (N=606), matched on age, gender and socioeconomic status, were included. Main outcome measures were psychological problems and physical symptoms as recorded by the general practitioner, using the International Classification of Primary Care (ICPC). Results: The Turkish victims showed higher utilization than the Dutch victims prior to the disaster. In the 1st post-disaster year, both groups of victims showed an increase in utilization, but the increases did not differ significantly. The Turkish group showed no significantly greater increase than the Dutch group in the five most prevalent clusters of health problems (psychological, respiratory, skin, musculoskeletal, and digestive). Conclusion: The Turkish victims in general practice were as vulnerable as the Dutch victims for the effects on their health of this man-made disaster. Differences between Turkish and native Dutch victims of this man-made disaster can largely be explained by the differences that existed already before the disaster.
Klassifikation Migration; Medizin, Sozialmedizin
Freie Schlagwörter Disasters; Ethnicity; Morbidity; Longitudinal studies; General practice
Sprache Dokument Englisch
Publikationsjahr 2008
Seitenangabe S. 27-32
Zeitschriftentitel Journal of Public Health, 17 (2008) 1
DOI http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/s10389-008-0197-6
Status Veröffentlichungsversion; begutachtet (peer reviewed)
Lizenz PEER Licence Agreement (applicable only to documents from PEER project)