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Using participatory design to develop structured training in child and adolescent psychiatry

[journal article]

Davis, Deborah J.; Ringsted, Charlotte; Bonde, Mie; Scherpbier, Albert; Vleuten, Cees van der

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Abstract Context: Learning during residency in child and adolescent psychiatry (CAP) is primarily work-based and has traditionally been opportunistic. There are increasing demands from both postgraduate trainees and medical organisations for structured programmes with defined learning outcomes. Objectives: The aim of this study was to partner with postgraduate trainees and consultants in psychiatry to identify key learning issues that should be considered during CAP residency and to use these in designing a structured programme to meet the learning outcome requirements of a competency framework. Methods: Participatory design was used to structure a learning and assessment programme in CAP. First, during working seminars, consultants and postgraduate trainees were interviewed about the characteristics of the learning and working in CAP. These interviews were audio taped, transcribed and analyzed for recurrent themes to identify key issues. Descriptive results were fed back to the participants for validation. In a subsequent iterative process the researchers and practitioners partnered to construct a learning and assessment programme. Results: The tasks within CAP were poorly described by study participants. Several other types of professionals within the healthcare team perform many of the tasks a CAP postgraduate trainee has to learn. Participants had difficulties describing how learning takes place and what postgraduate trainees need to learn in CAP. The partnership between researchers and practitioners identified three key issues to consider in CAP residencies: (1) Preparation for tasks postgraduate trainees are expected to fulfil, (2) Ensuring acquisition of physician-specific knowledge and skills, and (3) Clarifying roles and professional identity within the team. A structured training programme incorporating the key learning issues identified was created. Conclusion: Participatory design was very helpful to structure a contextually suitable training programme in CAP. The researchers speculate that this approach will result in easier implementation of the new training programme.
Classification Psychological Disorders, Mental Health Treatment and Prevention; Occupational Research, Occupational Sociology
Free Keywords child and adolescent psychiatry; design based research or participatory design; graduate medical education; curriculum design; in-training assessment
Document language English
Publication Year 2008
Page/Pages p. 33-41
Journal European Child & Adolescent Psychiatry, 18 (2008) 1
DOI http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/s00787-008-0700-1
Status Published Version; peer reviewed
Licence PEER Licence Agreement (applicable only to documents from PEER project)