Prevalence and correlates of mental disorders among adolescents in Italy: the PrISMA study

[journal article]

Frigerio, Alessandra; Rucci, Paola; Goodman, Robert; Ammaniti, Massimo; Carlet, Ombretta; Cavolina, Pina; Girolamo, Giovanni; Lenti, Carlo; Lucarelli, Loredana; Mani, Elisa; Martinuzzi, Andrea; Micali, Nadia; Milone, Annarita; Morosini, Pierluigi; Muratori, Filippo; Nardocci, Franco; Pastore, Valentina; Polidori, Gabriella; Tullini, Andrea; Vanzin, Laura; Villa, Laura; Walder, Mauro; Zuddas, Alessandro; Molteni, Massimo

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Abstract Background: While in the last 5 years several studies have been conducted in Italy on the prevalence of mental disorders in adults, to date no epidemiological study has been targeted on mental disorders in adolescents. Method: A two-phase study was conducted on 3,418 participants using the child behavior checklist/6–18 (CBCL) and the development and well-being assessment (DAWBA), a structured interview with verbatim reports reviewed by clinicians. Results: The prevalence of CBCL caseness and DSM-IV disorders was 9.8% (CI 8.8–10.8%) and 8.2% (CI 4.2–12.3%), respectively. DSM-IV Emotional disorders were more frequently observed (6.5% CI 2.2–10.8%) than externalizing disorders (1.2% CI 0.2–2.3%). In girls, prevalence estimates increased significantly with age; furthermore, living with a single parent, low level of maternal education, and low family income were associated with a higher likelihood of suffering from emotional or behavioral problems. Conclusions: Approximately one in ten adolescents has psychological problems. Teachers and clinicians should focus on boys and girls living with a single parent and/or in disadvantaged socioeconomic conditions.
Keywords mental disorder; adolescence; Italy; adolescent; socioeconomic factors
Classification Psychological Disorders, Mental Health Treatment and Prevention
Method empirical
Free Keywords mental disorders; prevalence; adolescence; Italy
Publication Year 2009
Page/Pages p. 217-226
Journal European Child & Adolescent Psychiatry, 18 (2009) 4
Status Published Version; peer reviewed
Licence PEER Licence Agreement (applicable only to documents from PEER project)