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From the boardroom to the chamber : business interests and party politics in Mexico

Intereses empresariales y política partidaria en México
Von der Vorstandsetage in das Parlament : Geschäftsinteressen und Parteipolitik im Mexiko
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Wuhs, Steven T.

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Abstract One of the lesser-acknowledged conclusions from analyses of the third wave of democratization relates to the importance of conservatives to democratic consolidation. Yet we know very little about the way that such interests are incorporated into the formal, institutional arena of parties and elections – especially as relates to business interests. This is true in spite of a clear, cross-regional rise in the presence of entrepreneurs themselves in politics. This article generates and evaluates a set of expectations for the political behavior of business interests. I focus my empirical attention on Mexico, where such interests are historically speaking very well organized internally, and analyze the incorporation of business-association members into the parliamentary delegation of Mexico's three major political parties. I conclude by considering where we might look for the political mobilization of business interests in the interest of establishing a research agenda for the future.

Una de las conclusiones principales de los análisis de la "tercera ola de democratización" es la importancia de los intereses conservadores para los procesos de consolidación democrática. Pero poco se sabe de la manera en que aquellos intereses se incorporan a la política institucional de partidos y elec-ciones, particularmente en el caso de intereses empresariales – a pesar de un incremento internacional en la presencia política de la clase empresarial. Este artículo desarrolla y evalúa unas expectativas para el comportamiento político de los intereses empresariales. Se enfoca en el contexto mexicano, donde tales intereses son bien organizados históricamente. Se analiza la incorporación de los miembros de asociaciones empresariales en las bancadas legislativas de los tres partidos principales. Se concluye con una reflexión sobre una línea de investigación de la movilización política de estos intereses conservadores.
Keywords Mexico; Latin America; parliament; supervisory board; board of directors; economy; pressure-group politics; economic policy; elite; elite research; political system; influence; party system; party; trade association; banking; insurance business; mobilization; executive; Central America; developing country
Classification Political Process, Elections, Political Sociology, Political Culture; Management Science
Method descriptive study; empirical; quantitative empirical
Free Keywords Political Science; Relations between economic actors and states/ politics; Pressure group politics; Professional associations; Political parties; Ciencia Política; Relaciones entre actores económicos y estados; Política de los grupos de presión; Asociaciones profesionales; Partidos politicos; Mexico; 1982-2006; México
Document language English
Publication Year 2010
Page/Pages p. 107-130
Journal Journal of Politics in Latin America, 2 (2010) 1
ISSN 1868-4890
Status Published Version; peer reviewed
Licence Creative Commons - Attribution-Noncommercial-No Derivative Works