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From rebels to rulers and legislators : the political transformation of the Free Aceh Movement (GAM) in Indonesia

Vom Rebellen zum Herrscher und Gesetzgeber : die politische Umgestaltung der Free Aceh Movement (GAM) in Indonesien
[journal article]

Stange, Gunnar; Patock, Roman

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Abstract On 15 August 2005, when the Republic of Indonesia and the Free Aceh Movement (Gerakan Aceh Merdeka, GAM) signed the Memorandum of Understanding (MoU) in Helsinki, Finland, it was considered yet another uncertain attempt at putting an end to Indonesia’s thirty years of conflict in its westernmost province, Aceh. After a historically unprecedented reconstruction process that followed the tsunami of December 2004 and two orderly elections in 2006/2007 and 2009, Aceh’s peace process is not only still on track, but widely considered a role model for ending protracted civil wars by means of political participation and autonomy regulations. This article reviews past developments that have led to the reconfiguration of Aceh’s political landscape and seeks to illustrate the most recent developments in GAM’s transformation from an independence movement to an Indonesian local political party.
Keywords Indonesia; political change; political development; political actor; political independence; political movement; civil war; peace process; autonomy; regulation; participation; party; memorandum; historical development; resistance movement; parliamentary election; transformation; Southeast Asia; peace treaty
Classification Sociology of Developing Countries, Developmental Sociology; Political Process, Elections, Political Sociology, Political Culture; Peace and Conflict Research, International Conflicts, Security Policy; General History
Method descriptive study; historical
Free Keywords Southeast Asian Studies; history; Indonesia; Aceh; post-conflict; Gerakan Aceh Merdeka (GAM); Partai Aceh; Indonesia; Aceh; 2000-2010
Document language English
Publication Year 2010
Page/Pages p. 95-120
Journal Journal of Current Southeast Asian Affairs, 29 (2010) 1
ISSN 1868-4882
Status Published Version; reviewed
Licence Creative Commons - Attribution-Noncommercial-No Derivative Works
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