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Přechod mezi střední a vysokou školou a role různých modelů přijímacích řízení

Alternative Models of Entrance Exams and Access to Tertiary Education: A Simulation Study
[journal article]

Konecny, Tomas; Basl, Josef; Myslivecek, Jan

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Please use the following Persistent Identifier (PID) to cite this document:http://nbn-resolving.de/urn:nbn:de:0168-ssoar-119711

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Abstract The study evaluates the potential impact of alternative models of university entrance exams – a model based on field-specific knowledge and a model relying on general aptitude tests – in the context of the Czech education system since 1998, a system that can be described as highly stratified and suffering from a notable excess of demand for higher education over supply. Using the dataset Sonda Maturant 1998, the authors show that entrance exams based on general aptitude tests may outperform the field-specific knowledge model in terms of providing access to talented students from a lower socioeconomic background. The simulations show that under the general aptitude regime the relative chances of an applicant with a university-educated father are only one-quarter higher than the relative chances of a student with a less educated father, compared to more than a one-third difference in the case of the regime emphasising field-specific knowledge. For mother’s education, the respective odds ratios differ by the even larger margin of 28 percentage points.
Classification Sociology of Education; University Education
Free Keywords higher education; entrance exams; educational equity; Czech Republic
Document language Other language
Publication Year 2010
Page/Pages p. 43-72
Journal Sociologický časopis / Czech Sociological Review, 46 (2010) 1
Status Published Version; reviewed
Licence Deposit Licence - No Redistribution, No Modifications