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Consolidation, delimitation and stalemate : disruptive interplay and strategic incentives in the CBD-TRIPS relationship

Konsolidierung, Abgrenzung und Stillstand : zerstörerisches Wechselspiel und strategische Anreize in den Beziehungen zwischen TRIPS und CBD
[working paper]

Jungcurt, Stefan; Meyer, Thomas

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Corporate Editor Humboldt-Universität Berlin, Institut für Wirtschafts- und Sozialwissenschaften des Landbaus, Fachgebiet Ressourcenökonomie
Abstract "The relationship between the Convention on Biological Diversity (CBD) and the WTO Agreement on Trade-related Aspects of Intellectual Property Rights (TRIPS) is characterized by a persistent potential for disruptions in implementation, such as 'biopiracy' conflicts, because of the agreements' incompatible provisions on property rights over genetic resources. The lack of consolidation is often explained by attempts to strategically exploit interplay between the two institutions. Countries of the North and the South are said to push for provisions under their preferred agreement in order to circumvent obligations under the other. We develop an alternative explanation based on a conception of international negotiators acting as agents of particular interest groups rather than as representatives of the state as a whole. Using a Two-level Games model of independent negotiations for agreements on functionally interdependent issues, we analyze the incentives for negotiators to delay or prevent consolidation for strategic reasons. The analysis shows that, under certain conditions, persistent disruption may be due to a strategic dilemma that prevents negotiators from taking initiatives for consolidation." (author's abstract)
Keywords WTO; intellectual property; right of ownership; biodiversity; patent; patent law; resources
Classification International Relations, International Politics, Foreign Affairs, Development Policy; Law
Method descriptive study
Document language English
Publication Year 2006
City Berlin
Page/Pages 27 p.
Series Institutional Change in Agriculture and Natural Resources (ICAR) : Discussion Papers, 16
Licence Deposit Licence - No Redistribution, No Modifications
data provider This metadata entry was indexed by the Special Subject Collection Social Sciences, USB Cologne