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Estimating multidimensional poverty and identifying the poor in Pakistan

[working paper]

Naveed, A.; Tanweer-ul-Islam

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Corporate Editor University of Cambridge, Faculty of Education, Research Consortium on Educational Outcomes and Poverty (RECOUP)
Abstract This paper argues for the multidimensional measurement of poverty in Pakistan particularly in the context of Millennium Development Goals. It critically examines the Poverty Scorecard, which was recently introduced by the Government of Pakistan for the identification of poor households under the Benazir Income Support Programme. By employing the Alkire and Foster measure to analyze household data from two provinces, Khyber-Pakhtoonkhwah (the re-named North-West Frontier Province) and Punjab, it provides an alternative method to estimate multidimensional poverty and identify poor households. The paper also investigates the relationship between household consumption and multidimensional poverty. It contrasts the results obtained by using a multidimensional measurement of poverty with those of the official poverty line. The limitations of the official poverty line are identified and the role of household consumption in explaining deprivations is discussed.
Keywords Pakistan; poverty; measurement; private household; consumption; social security; research approach
Classification Sociology of Developing Countries, Developmental Sociology; Social Problems
Free Keywords Multidimensional poverty measurement; BISP; identification of the poor; poverty scorecard; poverty line; capability approach
Document language English
Publication Year 2010
City Cambridge
Page/Pages 37 p.
Series RECOUP Working Papers, 28
Status Published Version; reviewed
Licence Creative Commons - Attribution