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Kenya zwischen Kontinuität und Erneuerung : Bilanz des ersten Jahres der Regierung Mwai Kibaki

Kenya between continuity and renewal: the first year of the Mwai Kibaki administration
[journal article]

Peters, Ralph-Michael

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Abstract One year after the impressive victory of Kenya's President Mwai Kibaki and his National Rainbow Coalition (NARC), the new administrative coalition still struggles to find an enduring balance of power. The overwhelming issues of economic revitalization, poverty, AIDS, and infrastructure, in addition to the critical fight against corruption at all levels of public service, requires substantial reforms by the administration. Unfortunately, the desire for reform does not translate into a coherent policy, and the individual measures that have been taken have limited effects and run the danger of frustrating hopes and efforts. NARC's internal power struggles endanger the cohesion and reform strides of the administration, are based on longstanding ethnic-political patterns, and are currently focused on particular lines of conflict. Independent of different outcomes, it is clear that there is no hope of establishing a firm party landscape, and the optimism of the 2002/2003 election has meanwhile largely dissipated. Renewal and continuity with respect to the old Moi regime simultaneously characterize the first year of the Kibaki administration. The path in both directions remains open.

Im ostafrikanischen Kenya hat die neue Regierungskoalition der National Rainbow Coalition (NARC) von Präsident Mwai Kibaki ein Jahr nach ihrem glanzvollen Sieg noch kein inneres Machtgleichgewicht gefunden. Die daraus resultierenden internen Machtkämpfe im NARC-Bündnis verlaufen entlang der alten ethnisch-politischen Muster. Sie gefährden den Zusammenhalt der Regierung und damit auch die durchaus nicht geringen Reformfortschritte des ersten Regierungsjahres. Im folgenden werden die wesentlichen Reformschritte der neuen Regierung und ihre Implikationen skizziert. Daran schließt sich eine Analyse und Einschätzung der aktuellen internen Machtkämpfe an.
Keywords Kenya; East Africa; president; political power; government; political conflict; reform; power struggle; political alliance; corruption
Classification Political Process, Elections, Political Sociology, Political Culture
Free Keywords Kenya; Presidents; Corruption; Coalitions; Political Power; Economic Development
Publication Year 2004
Page/Pages p. 119-133
Journal Afrika Spectrum, 39 (2004) 1
Status Published Version; peer reviewed
Licence Creative Commons - Attribution-Noncommercial-No Derivative Works